Persuasive Speech

Persuassive Speech Presentation PDF



  1. Introduction
    1. Do you want to get the most out of your body? Do you want to be at your very best every single day? Well it all starts with exercise.
    2. Hello my name is Cayden Bergt.
    3. Today I will teach you benefits of exercising and why you should add exercise into your daily routine.
    4. I am an active kid, who is a three-sport athlete, and (Anecdotal Evidence)
    5. Extensive research in the field of exercise has made me an expert. (Ethos)
    6. I am going to share some of that knowledge with you today. Gesture of me to you
    7. You will learn how exercise can impact you both physically and mentally, through many different aspects of your life.
  2. Supporting Statements
    1. Physically
      1. Many people only think exercise loses fat and keeps you in shape. While it does do that, there are also many other things that it does for your body.
      2. Exercise can strengthen your bones and muscles. This will guarantee you a longer life with less pain.
        1. Research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that, “people who do 120 to 300 minutes of at least moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week have a lower risk of hip fracture.”
        2. Hip fracture is a serious concern for the elderly because their bones are more fragile. However, exercise can strengthen your bones and reduce your risk of having a hip fracture.
  • Another thing exercise can do is reduce your chances of obtaining harmful diseases. It can help prevent some cancers, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other diseases.
    1. The two types of cancer it can prevent are colon and breast cancer. If you exercise, you won’t be diagnosed with cancer. (False Dilemma)
    2. Staying fit with exercise keeps your blood levels in a normal range and that can prevent type 2 diabetes.
    3. Exercise is healthy for your heart and your heart needs to be functioning properly for you to live life to the best. A healthy heart also reduces your chances of cardiovascular disease. (Circular Logic)
  1. Do you have poor posture? Exercise can also help fix that issue. Strengthening your abs and back muscles can help significantly to improve your posture.
  2. Exercise can also boost your energy. You may think it would do the opposite, but studies from Elon University have shown that people gain more energy after their workout.
  1. Mentally
    1. When everyone thinks of fitness, they only think of physical benefits. You are wrong. A lot of mental benefits come as a result of exercise as well as physical benefits. Mental benefits are arguably just as or more important then the physical benefits. (Division, Ad Hominem)
    2. One mental benefit is that exercise can boost your memory. During a workout energy and oxygen are traveling to your brain. This can freshen up your brain and improve your memorizing skills. This will help you ace your next test because you will have everything memorized. It all starts with exercising. (Something)
  • Exercising can improve your appearance which in turn will also improve your confidence. You will feel better about yourself because of the efforts you’re making to improve yourself.
  1. Exercising also serves as a nice break in your daily life. This is a great time to put away all the stress and focus on other things. Exercising takes your mind off of the stress in your life. You will have less stress if you exercise regularly.
  2. Overall, exercise will make you a happier person. You will feel better about yourself and how you are bettering yourself. Your mood will significantly improve if you make it a habit to exercise regularly.
  1. Rebuttal
    1. The number one reason why people don’t exercise regularly is because they say they are too busy. They don’t have any extra time in their day to fit in a workout. Exercising is very important for your body and there are so many benefits that come with it. If you want to receive all those benefits and be the best you possible then you will make time to workout. It doesn’t’ have to be super long and can be done with no equipment.
    2. Another reason why people don’t workout is because they say it is too boring. If they aren’t having fun, they won’t get the most out of it. There are many different ways to workout. Find a style that you like and stick to it. You can also make changes in your workouts to mix it up. Adding a variety of movements is important to reducing boredom.
    3. People also say that they are thin already so there is no need for them to exercise. As I have already mentioned, there are countless other benefits to exercising. Many help even if you are in shape already.
  2. Conclusion
    1. In conclusion, exercising is very helpful to your body and mind. Everything you have learned from me today should help you make the decision to exercise. You have learned about all the good things that come from it. If you don’t want to exercise after hearing all these benefits, then I can’t help you.

DoaS Final Paper


The most significant aspect of the play, Death of a Salesman, is the significance Willy puts on being “well-liked.” Willy says something regarding being “well-liked”, multiple times in the play. Willy teaches his boys the value of being well-liked. Willy also says how much he is liked and how that helps him in the business world.  Willy also proves and explains his point of being well-liked through a couple of examples. The value that Willy puts on being well-liked is a major part of this play.

Willy tries to put an emphasis on being well-liked when he is teaching the boys. He makes it clear to them that being liked is a key aspect in the business world.  This example shows Willy comparing his boys to Bernard, “That’s just what I mean, Bernard can get the best marks in school, y’understand, but when he gets out in the business world, y’’understand, you are going to be five times ahead of him. That’s why I thank Almighty God you’re both built like Adonises. Because the man who makes an appearance in the business world, the man who creates personal interest, is the man who gets ahead. Be liked and you will never want. (Miller 20-21)” Willy is teaching them that grades aren’t as important as being well-liked. He says that if you are liked, you won’t have any problems in the business world. Willy isn’t putting enough value on his sons’ grades. Willy should be teaching them to be both liked and smart. According to Willy, the boys will have more success in business than Bernard, who is very smart. Another example is when Biff tells Willy he is going to meet with Oliver, and Willy says, “Walk in very serious. You are not applying for a boy’s job. Money is to pass. Be quiet, fine, and serious. Everybody likes a kidder, but nobody lends him money. (47)” In this example, Willy is specifically teaching Biff on how to be well-liked. Willy understands the importance of Biff’s meeting with Oliver for Biff and the whole family.  Willy is being a typical father in this example and preparing his son to be successful. He is trying to tell Biff how he can be well-liked and professional.  Another example from this scene is when Willy says, “It’s not what you say, it’s how you say it-because personality always wins the day. (48)” Willy is again emphasizing the importance of being well-liked. In this example, Willy emphasizes it through Biff’s personality. He tells Biff that personality will win and make him successful. Again Willy is saying that being well-liked is more important than being smart. Smart people will say smart things, but Willy says that the personality is more important. Willy constantly is teaching his boys the importance of being well-liked.

Willy tries to be an example to his boys because he thinks he is well-liked. Willy thinks he is well-liked, but he doesn’t have much success in the business world. An example of this is when Willy says, “You take me for instance. I never have to wait in line to see a buyer. ‘Willy Loman is here!’ That’s all they have to know, and I go right through. (21)” Willy claims here that everyone knows him and he doesn’t have to wait in a line to sell. Willy thinks he is a big shot in the business world, but seems to not have much success.  Either way, Willy is saying that him being well-liked makes him the customers priority. The customers will visit with a well-liked person before anyone else.  Willy also says, “I never in my life whistled in an elevator! And who in the business world thinks I’m crazy. (45)” Willy again is claiming to be well-liked in the business world because he says nobody in the business world thinks he is crazy. If everyone in the business world likes him, wouldn’t he be successful. That is what he says, but it hasn’t happened and it won’t.  His wife, Linda, thinks he is well-liked in the business world because she says, “Why must everybody conquer the world? You’re well-liked, and the boys love you, and someday why, old man Wagner told him just the other day that if he keeps it up he’ll be a member of the firm, didn’t he, Willy?” Linda also thinks Willy is liked, but she might just want to make him feel better. She isn’t saying it because she means it. She knows he isn’t doing too well and she is trying to cheer him up.  However, we learn that Linda understands the significance Willy puts on being liked. Willy has clearly talked about being well-liked enough that Linda uses it to cheer him up. Willy thinks he is well-liked and tries to use that as an example to his boys.

Willy explains that being well-liked is important, through a couple examples. The first example he uses is his son Biff, Willy says, “That’s because he likes you. If somebody else took that ball there’d be an uproar. So what’s the report, boys, what’s the report? (18)” Willy says here that because Biff is well-liked, he won’t get in trouble for taking a ball. Although this isn’t in the business world, we see Willy’s theory in action and working. If Biff wasn’t well-liked he would have a punishment. Being well-liked makes him successful in the fact that he won’t get in trouble. Willy also uses the example of Uncle Charley when he says, “Bigger than Uncle Charley! Because Charley is not-liked. He’s liked, but he’s not-well liked. (18)” In this example, Willy is talking about the business he will have and how it will be bigger than Uncle Charley’s. The main reason it will be bigger is because Willy is well-liked and Charley is only liked. Willy is again stressing the importance of being well-liked and the impact that it will have on your business.  Finally, one of his biggest comparisons comes from a common man in this country. Willy says, “…That’s the wonder, the wonder of this country, that a man can end with diamonds here on the basis of being liked! (65-66)” This is probably the most significant quote from Willy that explains his thoughts on being well liked. This quote carries a lot of meaning and does a good job of capturing his thoughts on this topic. It talks about how a person can become very wealthy and successful just because he is well-liked. This is the basis of Willy’s theory on being well-liked. It is everything that he stands for.

In conclusion, the key aspect of this book is the importance Willy puts on being well-liked. Willy teaches his boys the importance of being well-liked. He also talks about himself being well-liked in his own opinion.  He also explains how others are doing in life based on how liked they are.

Warriors Don’t Cry Explanation



Setting: Late 1950s, Little Rock, Arkansas (Picture of map)


Character Situation: Nine students integrate into Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. At this time, segregation was legal and was a lot worse in the south. This is one of the first schools to enroll African-American students because of the Brown vs the Board of Education. There is a lot of tension between the segregationists and integration community. The Little Rock 9 are bullied not just physically but also verbally as they attend school for a good education and the chance to start a worldwide movement of integration.


Author Biography: Melba Pattillo Beals is not only the writer of this book but also the main character. The winner of the Congressional Gold Medal states in her author’s note that all of the incidents in the story are based on her diary, news clips, and her family’s recollection. She has maintained the true events of the book while recreating small parts that occurred in the midst of this life changing event.


Definitions: (according to Merriam-Webster)

  • Racism — “a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race”
  • Integration — “the act or process or an instance of integrating: such as incorporation as equals into society or an organization of individuals of different groups (as races)”
  • Segregation — “the separation or isolation of a race, class, or ethnic group by enforced or voluntary residence in a restricted area, by barriers to social intercourse, by separate educational facilities, or by other discriminatory means”
  • Warrior — “a person engaged in some struggle or conflict” (physically or emotionally)


Novel Structure:


Main Characters:

Melba: The story is written from her point of view and about her life changing events and struggles being one of the first African-American students to integrate into a white school. The many challenges in her life have shaped her to be the strong, brave, and courageous woman she is.

“I’m proud of who I am. My color is inconvenient right now, but it won’t always be like this.” (105)

“Nobody presents you with a handbook when your teething and says ‘Here’s how you must behave as a second class citizen.’ Instead, the humiliating expectations and traditions of segregation creep over you slowly stealing a teaspoonful of your self esteem each day.” (3)

“Thank you God… thank you for saving my eyes.” (123)


Secondary Characters:

Mother Lois: Lois is Melba’s mother who sacrifices so much for her, even losing her job just because Melba was continuing education at Central High. She is very protective of her daughter and has strict rules for her.

“They say they’ll give me back my job only if I withdraw Melba from central High school immediately” (203).

“We wouldn’t bother Mother as she studied for her night-school exams. She was determined to complete her master’s degree.” (7)

“Mother Lois was sitting, shy and quiet, in a shadowed corner of the room. I could tell she was startled by the question; nevertheless she stood and said, “Indeed, it is a hard decision — but we are a Christian family, with absolute faith that God will protect her, no matter what.” (57)


Link: Link is a white student at Central high, who appears to help Melba avoid her attackers, yet continues to hang around the very same people who attack her. He is a very friendly guy, and Melba goes back and forth with her trust in him.

“There was Link, seated around my attackers, laughing, joking with them behaving as though he were a regular member of the group… Had he pretended to be a nice person when he was just one of them?” (178-179).


Grandma India: Grandma India is the grandmother of Melba. India offers encouragement and advice for Melba as well as reminds her of the power of God. Grandma India is a strong woman who is true to her beliefs.

“You’ll make this your last cry. You’re a warrior on the battlefield for your Lord. God’s warriors don’t cry, ’cause they trust he’s always by their side. The women of this family don’t break down in the face of trouble. We act with courage, and with God’s help, we ship trouble right on out.” (44).

“Then she picked up her Bible and read aloud the verse that cleared away the tears in her eyes…” (10)

“…She took the shotgun she called Mr. Higgenbottom from its leather case… I could hear Grandma rocking back and forth in her chair…” (29)

“Grandma lingered for a moment and then rushed to encircle me in her arms once more. “God is always with you,” she whispered as she blinked back tears.” (33)


Moments of Conflict:

  • The Inciting Incident ended up being the Brown vs the Board of Education decision. The Court decided to make an attempt at integration because the segregation and discrimination of the African American society was unconstitutional. “How could I ever forget May 17, 1954, the day the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, but separate public schools for whites and blacks were illegal.” (12).
  • A rising incident is when Melba arrived at Central High for her first day of school. There were officers lining the streets and “clusters of white people that stretched for a distance of two blocks” (35). “As we drew near, the angry outbursts became even more intense, and we began to hear their words more clearly. ‘Niggers, go home! Niggers, go back where you belong’” (35)!
  • There were multiple climactic-like events. But the one that impacted everyone the most was when an unfortunate accident occurred caused by an integrator. “Minnijean was expelled after a forty-minute hearing. The official announcement of her expulsion was a devastating defeat for us.” (166). This gave the segregationists’ hope and motivation to get rid of the 8 students remaining.
  • The Resolution to the story was when the 8 integrators would return for their Senior year. “By September 1958 we had won our court battle. Armed with judgments in our favor, we prepared to re-enter Central High.” (218).

Key Understandings about Adversity:


  • Central High Integration Issues: Melba was faced with many adversities in her early life. The first adversity was her race. At this time period, black people did not have the same rights as white people and were treated very poorly, especially in the south. Her adversity grew even worse because of her attempt to integrate into Central High school. She hears crowds say, “Two, four, six, eight, we ain’t going to integrate! Over and over, the words ring out. But terrifying frenzy of the crowd was building like steam in a rupturing volcano.” (36).  “‘I’ll never go back to Central!’ I ran from the room and locked my bedroom door, burying my face in the pillow so no one could hear me cry” (51-52).
  • Early Life Imprints: As a young child, she could tell there was a fine line between the white and the black community. I think this really influenced the way she viewed herself especially as she began daily interactions with these people that all of the adults and her role models were fearing. She didn’t know anything else but to act in the same way. “I became increasingly aware of how all of the adults around me were living with constant fear and apprehension. It felt as though we always had a white foot pressed against the back of our necks.” (7).  “I was beginning to resign myself to the fact that white people were definitely in charge, and there was nothing we could do about it.” (10).
  • Defensive Mindset: The amount of tormenting received by Melba and her peers was baffling. In fact, the segregationists wanted them out of their school so bad they were giving rewards to who could be the most despicable to get the integrators to leave. This forced Melba to constantly be on watch for any attack on her. She wasn’t free, she was forced to be on alert at all times. “The rumor was that the White Citizens Council would pay reward money to the person who could incite us to misbehave and get ourselves expelled.” (158).
  • Lie for Safety: One of her many adversities was about how she couldn’t be truthful with reporters or call the cops. It was because of her fear of what the kids at school would do to her when they found out.  She was obligated to lie for the protection of her family and herself. “We ain’t gonna call the law. Those white police are liable to do something worse to her than what already happened.” (18).  “If I testified in court about what really happened to me, it would get printed in the newspapers, and those men would come after us again.” (56).  “All the while I was talking to the reporter, I kept our instructions in mind: Accentuate the positive — don’t complain too much.” (87)
  • Sacrifices because of School: Another one of Melba’s many adversities is the loss of some of her friendships. She lost friends because she decided to integrate which isolated her away from her friends as well as drifted them apart.  Her friends wouldn’t meet with her because they were concerned for their own safety. Melba had to chose between her friends and school—she chose school.  “It made me feel more isolated, because now I was also left out of the events at my old high school.” (193).  “We had simply drifted apart because we had so little in common, except our past relationship.” (194). “Melba, the truth is we’re all afraid to come to your house” (145).
  • Pessimistic/Suicidal Thoughts: Her own adversities bubbled up in her head and sooner or later they were gonna pop. All those other struggles caused herself to start having a negative outlook on herself and life. At one point, she even asked God for the easy way out.  “I wish I were dead. That was the entry for several days running, in late January. God, please let me be dead until the end of the year. I was willing to bargain and plead with God.” (159).  “Black folks aren’t born expecting segregation…Instead the humiliating expectations and traditions of segregation creep over you slowly stealing a teaspoonful of your self-esteem each day” (3).  “We’re gonna make your life hell, nigger. You’all are gonna go screaming out of here, taking those nigger loving soldiers with you.” (112).
  • Accepted vs. Moral: Not only Melba had some adversity, but also Link. He was stuck in a difficult situation which either made him seem like a traitor or a bad person for treating Melba so poorly. That must’ve been a very hard decision to make when he loaned Melba his car to escape, especially with the possibility that his segregationist peers and family saw him. “He said the worst part of it for him was that he felt himself a traitor. He was torn between his loyalty to his family and friends, and his sense of guilt and responsibility for what was happening to the eight of us.” (186). “I can’t trust you after today” (184).




I found this book to be quite enjoyable from a historical standpoint. I learned about the cruel times of racism in the 50s. I learned a lot about what African-Americans had to go through—probably not everything. One thing this book taught me was to be brave. It may be hard to go into an uncomfortable and harmful situation, but if it will benefit you and your community in the long run, it is worth it. That is the situation Melba was in. She continued to go to school, with the harassment and assaults, because she knew that it would help the future generations of African-American kids. I can remember this lesson and apply it to my life if I am ever presented a similar situation. One question I had was, why weren’t the troops able to stop the torture? The book says that there only job was to keep the students alive. I would think that they would also want to keep it a safe place. However, they didn’t seem to care when the students were tripped and thrown to the ground. I feel bad that we can’t take the things back that were done to the 9 students. The way those 9 students were treated by their fellow students was disgraceful, outrageous, and despicable. The only way we can help this now is to not let it happen again. I feel like this event and time period put a bad rap on the United States and white community. We can fix that by treating everyone with respect no matter their race, religion, sex, or ability. That is one of the biggest lessons we can learn from this book, and it is currently a big issue in our world. We can directly apply it to our lives right now. We must look at the true meaning of someone on the inside, rather than on the outside.

[Insert Title]

[Insert Title]

“You should take him to the ER at Bryan. They should be able to help you out with testing and x-rays,” said the medical staffer in the white red cross tent.  It is all but a faint memory now. The day I fractured ___________ my wrist. This was not the way that I wanted to end my final year of midget football, playing only 3 games. This adversity forced me to learn a completely new lifestyle. I learned a few key lessons from this event that I would end up carrying with me later in life.

I was the running back for my Elks class D football team. We started the year out at 3-0 and it was the first game of division play.  The play was a run up the middle. I ran into a cluster of opponents. It was as normal as any other time I had been tackled. A normal routine play would turn out to be the difference for me not playing the remainder of the season.

I signaled to the bench that I needed a sub. I ran off the field cradling my wrist like a baby with my other arm. My initial thought was that I could shake it off, it’s just a stinger. The Red Cross nurse asked me if everything was ok and if I needed to be checked out. I said that I was fine.  I stood there on the sideline throwing my head up down as if I was in vigorous pain. Yet, I wasn’t in pain. This was one of the strangest things to ever occur. I sensed that something was wrong, but couldn’t ever figure it out. I never glanced down at my wrist or tried to move it much. I just held it there knowing something was wrong but not feeling any pain.

I finally gave in and told the nurse to check me out. She saw my wrist and immediately brought me to the tent to be treated by the more educated staffers. As I was sitting at the table, I looked at my wrist for the wrist time. There was a major bump that normally was not there. At that point I tried to move my hand because I realized what had happened. I then felt pain for the first time when I tried to move my hand. They gave it a temporary wrap at the tent, and then my mom took me to Bryan hospital. I got an x-ray there, and they wrapped me in a more lasting splint.

This adversity wasn’t overwhelmingly hard to overcome. There wasn’t a whole lot of struggle breaking my wrist. The small challenges I had to face were taking a shower with a bag over it, holding it parallel to the ground at all times, and not being able to use my arm to its full potential. I also wasn’t able to participate in any sports for 7 weeks. This was very abnormal for me because I am quite the active kid. It was hard for me to know that I couldn’t play football the rest of the season. Thankfully it wasn’t serious enough that I would have to miss part of basketball or have to have surgery.

I received a lot of support from friends and family during this time. I never really felt down and depressed because of this broken wrist. This adversity mostly impacted the physical aspect of my body.

Even without there being many things to overcome. I still learn man lessons through this adversity.  I learned that taking a break from sports to focus on schoolwork can be quite beneficial. Unable to practice with my team, I had a lot more free time to do what I want. I often used that time to finish homework instead of having to do it at night when I got home from practice.  Another lesson I learned was to not take the function of my left arm for granted. I didn’t realize all the little tasks that occur throughout the day that involve my left arm or both arms. Things like taking a shower, typing, or other daily necessities became much more challenging with only one full functioning arm. I learned what people who only have one arm have to go through every single day. This was a very humbling experience and I learned how much my left arm can actually do.

Though this adversity didn’t challenge me in the most severe of ways, it still provided me with a few obstacles and lessons to be learned. The daily challenges I faced with a broken wrist were fairly easy to overcome. However, the lessons I learned from this adversity will helped me then and will continue to help me into the future. The adversity was there, but not enough to tear me down.

Chicago Pollution Convention 2688

Chicago Pollution Convention 2688


The year is 2688 and the pollution in the US has become very bad. People are having to buy fresh air from places like Africa and the UK. There is the same amount of pollution in the Midwest as there is in places like NYC and LA.  Most of it is coming from manufactures and other industrial buildings. Cars don’t pollute as much because they are all electric.

In an attempt to fix this problem, the president called together 5 people from around the country to figure out the problems. These people were to be an average US citizen and represent the thoughts of the American people. The president sent each one an invitation letter. All the letters were the same and they were all signed by the president himself. There names were William Howard, Christie Charleston, Jonathon Henry, Sara Wilson, and Joseph Frazier. The letter informed them that they were going to be in Chicago for a week. They were to learn about the pollution there and try to find ways reduce it.

Once they all arrived in Chicago, they went to their own hotel rooms and unpacked. Once everyone was settled in they had a meeting in the hotel meeting room.  They each got the first impressions of their fellow people. They noticed the William Howard was very arrogant, they could tell that he was rich.  They saw a short, skinny girl named Christie and they saw that she was nice and caring.  Jonathon was a very big man and seemed to be strategically smart.  They observed that Sara was a very nice young lady, but didn’t talk much.  Joseph was the comedian of the group and looked like one with his fluffy afro.  They came up with a simple plan for the week and what they were going to do with each day. The first 4 days of the week were going to be there investigating and research days. They would go to different places around the city to observe the pollution in each area. On Friday they were going to talk all day about their learnings and try to develop ways to improve the pollution.  Saturday was going to be there off day. Each person was going to be able to do what ever they wanted in the city. Saturday was there so called vacation day. They decided that on Sunday they were going to have one last meeting and then say goodbye to everyone. There flight was scheduled to leave Sunday at 4:35 P.M.

It is Monday and they are headed to Lake Michigan to learn about the pollution around the lake.

“What time will we be leaving?” asked Christie.

“The bus arrives at 8:55, but we need to be down there and ready to go by 8:45.” replied Jonathon.

“Ok, I’ll be ready by then.” Said Christie.

They get on the bus at 9:02. It is a private bus for them, so they asked the driver why he was late.

“It was a struggle to get up this morning. I didn’t want to pick you guys up because I was told that you may be terrorists. That the president was testing you by bringing you here to Chicago. However, it doesn’t look like you guys are, so I shouldn’t of worried about it as much as I did.” The bus driver said in a quiet voice with a little fear in it.

“Oh you have no need to worry, we are all committed to the US and we have no intentions of destroying anything.” Said William with great boldness and confidence.

They arrived at Lake Michigan at 10:11. The traffic was horrible on the way out. That gave them a good chance to talk amongst themselves. They talked about what exactly they were going to be doing today and what they wanted to accomplish. They split up roles for each person.